Yevreiskyi bazar/Yevbaz (which means Jewish Market) is an old name of a market square, which is called Peremohy square now. It was considered the biggest commercial center in Kyiv for nearly a 100 years, up to the middle of the 20th century. It’s worth noting that at the time when the square was coming to be, it was called Halytska. The Jewish community could carry on trade here on a given day of the week. That’s how the name came to be. The prices were moderate and the atmosphere was friendly and fun. Yevbaz helped Kyiv citizens to survive revolutions and wars, as there was an exchange market, so called “flea market”. The old vivid brick building on the adjoining streets is an only reminder of those times.
The market was closed and demolished in 1950. A circus was built there instead. A commercial purpose of the square manifests in the building of the Soviet mall “Ukraine”, which has been modernized since then.
Today, the Peremohy square has a centerpiece of the 40-meters obelisk of Kyiv, a hero city. It was installed after the reconstruction of the square in 1982.
By the way, it was done pretty quickly – in one month. They built… a plywood model first, to see how a stele fits into an architectural project.
- Try to find Kyiv place names that are strongly rooted in the citizens’ memory. The Living City will award you for your investigation!